When you’re pregnant, it is easy to ignore even the evident pregnancy-related issues or in fact, overthink the minor ones. There’s no mid-way. However, now that you are in an immune-compromised situation, the body is more susceptible to health concerns which can also affect the baby. But, don’t fret! Once you clearly know what all things can get into your radar, it is easier to discuss them further with your health care provider. So, watch out for these problems during pregnancy:
Health Issues During Pregnancy! Stay Aware, Stay Healthy.
A woman’s body goes under a lot of changes during the 9 months of her pregnancy. Certain changes are visible while others develop over time. Gestational diabetes is one of the latter changes that develop in the 2nd or 3rd trimester. Your blood sugar levels increase dangerously causing harm to the baby during pregnancy and also while undergoing labour. However, the conditions may also disappear once you give birth to the baby.
But, how it affects you?
- It can cause the baby’s weight to increase massively
- Premature or stillbirth is also possible
- Normal delivery is difficult
- You may experience respiratory distress
- Rapid weight gain is another issue
- Exhaustion is common
Therefore, it is highly recommended to consult with your doctor and stay up-to-date with all kinds of pregnancy tests to ensure you and the baby are in a healthy condition. Mostly, gestational diabetes goes away right after the baby is born. But, it still has the possibility of occurring years later. So, take proper care of yourself and your diet during this phase. Your doctor might prescribe some medication along with dietary as well as lifestyle changes. Follow these religiously to prevent the risk.
Constipation leads to indigestion of the food you eat leading to hard or no stools for 3-10 days. You are unable to empty your bowel which makes the stools lumpy. Constipation during the early stages is due to an increase in progesterone hormone. So, it is recommended to stay active, increase your water, in fact, fluid intake and have more fiber-rich foods.
Haemorrhoids, on the other hand, causes swelling in the rectal region which can get itchy and also bleed if not taken proper care of. Most women experience bowel discomforts which can get unpleasant and lead to unusual bulging in or around the anus. If you’re already constipated, it can cause piles too. Emptying your bowel seems to be a task. When passing stool, you may notice pinching pain, the need to further empty but unable to and also some amount of white discharge. Therefore, your diet must be enriched with more fiber and fluids. Do not force to push it out. Keep moving and avoid standing or sitting for too long. Do not clean with dry toilet paper, rather use a moist one and pat dry after passing stool. For the rest, switch over to talking with your doctor so the inflammation doesn’t cause severe harm.
Iron deficiency is the most common problem during pregnancy. Once the levels get critically low, it may lead to anaemia. And, pregnant women need to stay cautious of this condition. You have to considerably increase your iron intake as compared to other people. It will help maintain the blood cell count to further manage the overall wellbeing of you and the baby. So, if you’ve lately been feeling too tired, pale, weak along with facing respiratory difficulties, contact your health care provider. Add more iron-rich foods or supplements (if necessary) in your diet but only after discussing the same with your doctor.
Nausea or morning sickness is ever so common for pregnant women. As opposed to the name, morning sickness can happen anytime during the day or night. It’s associated with headache, dizziness, abdominal discomforts, fatigue tastelessness, vomiting and more. Although it’s more common during the early stages and may hardly extend to the latter half but it makes your morning very uncomfortable. For low to mild discomforts, you can follow a few simple home remedies:
- Once a day, have a glass of water mixed with half a teaspoon ginger juice, lemon juice as well as honey.
- Lemonade with honey, a pinch of cardamom powder and mint leaves is also great.
- Fresh fruit or vegetable juice will again help you stay hydrated.
- Consider reducing your caffeine intake, sleep well, eat home-cooked food and stay positive.
But also note, if the symptoms are too intense, delay no further and get yourself checked. Persistent nausea can lead to hyperemesis gravidarum which may require immediate hospitalization.
Postpartum depression is a real thing. We all know! However, experiencing depressive thoughts and having anxiety attacks is common even during pregnancy. The condition often goes unnoticed but believe us, you aren’t alone in it. Talking it out is the best you can do rather than simply keeping it all to yourself. This ensures you aren’t hurting yourself and the baby.
You are undergoing more than just a few changes and we all have different levels of understanding as well as patience. Some people handle it well, some don’t. There’s no single reason leading to depression during pregnancy but literally anything can trigger the state. If you keep ignoring the signs, you are simply giving rise to serious complications.
Talk to your partner, with your family or the health caregiver – anxiety is treatable. It is just a phase and you’ll soon be fine. But, do not face it all alone. Ask for help and surround yourself with positivity.
Due to severe hormonal changes in your body, you may or may not develop the symptoms of varicose veins. It is common around your genitals (a rectal area or the vulva) because of which you may feel heavy. It puts pressure on your legs and makes them achy. The veins often tend to twist and bulge. Although it’s normal during pregnancy, absolutely uncomfortable and painful.
So, to relive the discomforts it is better to perform some pelvic exercises along with talking proper rest to prevent overexertion. Do not sit at one place for too long. Also, stop wearing heels, no tight clothing and always put a pillow underneath your feet while sleeping. It’s a condition that may or may not cause severity (depending upon person to person) however it’s always better to stay cautious.
If you develop varicose veins or even notice the slightest sign, talk to your doctor. He/ she will help further investigate the problem. Usually, if it isn’t that bad and tolerable, you’ll recover once the baby is born. However, it can take up to a year in acute cases.
There are several infections which you can contract during pregnancy. These primarily pose risk for the mother. However, a few are dangerous for the baby as well. Infections can include both STIs and non-STIs.
Risks for the mother: Influenza, chickenpox, shingles, trichomoniasis, urinary tract infections, hepatitis, listeriosis, HIV, genital herpes or chlamydial infection
Risks for the baby: Chickenpox, slapped face disease, cytomegalovirus, hepatitis B, HIV and more
If you do not pay proper attention to it, the condition can be life-threatening. Hence, it is very important for you to take care of. Your immune system is vulnerable to serious complications and you may not want to put your baby’s life (even yours) at risk.
Hypertension during pregnancy is common. But, what’s more, critical is when you are a patient of high blood pressure even before pregnancy (chronic hypertension). However, gestational hypertension may last until a few weeks post-pregnancy.
Chronic hypertension may lead to other serious complication both for the mother as well as the baby. It can worsen the condition and lead to:
- Shortness of breath
- Kidney/ heart failure
- Placental abruption
- HELLP syndrome
Your treatment would depend on various factors and how well your kidneys function. So, talk to your doctor, take the necessary tests and follow the given instructions to outweigh the risks.
This one’s again sure to miss kind of a problem during pregnancy. Gastrointestinal distress can often be assumed as just another stomach issue, however, it can also point towards something critical. Constipation, bloating, losing appetite, nausea, abdominal pain, etc. can also be the early signs of appendicitis. However, these symptoms may or may not be the same since pregnancy can move your appendix and cause upper abdominal pain instead of the lower side.
So, whenever you feel an abdominal pain which is new and not like the regular pains your experience, especially when it’s during the first few months, get it checked right away.
10.Skin &Hair Problems
Changes in your skin are really common. In fact, these are amongst the primary changes that show up during pregnancy. On one side you may develop those bothersome stretch marks but on the other side you also have that luminous and noticeable pregnancy glow. Due to the hormonal shift what can trouble more are acne, freckles, pigmentation, dark spots, and oily skin.
You may also keep having good and bad hair days during pregnancy due to an imbalance in the hormonal levels. Sometimes, the hair growth gets pretty intense on all parts of the body and not just your head. However, the hormonal levels drop after giving birth and the hair issue normalize.
11.Frequent Urination &Incontinence
It is really common to keep urinating during pregnancy. And, it gets even more prominent post the 14th week. However, it is important for you to not decrease your fluid intake. You and the baby need that hydration. Usually, it isn’t a thing to worry about until you observe any signs of an infection or burning sensation. In fact, during the later months, incontinence is also one of the most uncomfortable problems. There isn’t really much that you can do about the frequency. However, urinary stress incontinence (leakage) can be dealt with a few effective pelvic floor exercises.
If constipation is possible, indigestion definitely won’t be left behind. Dyspepsia is a pretty common health issue during pregnancy. It is accompanied by heartburn and sudden chest pain. The acid-forming in your stomach can be a reason. So, it is recommended to pay close attention to what you eat during this time. One bad food choice and it wrecks your digestive system. And then once a stomach disorder develops, it leads to the malfunctioning of the entire body. Consult with your doctor on what are the preventive steps.
Yeast infections such as vaginal thrush are pretty uncomfortable. It causes a creamy white discharge along with itching, unpleasant smell, soreness, and swelling. Although it’s harmless but recurring in nature. Hormonal changes during pregnancy can also change the pH level of your vagina leading to the development of thrush. Since not all the products are safe to use, make sure you first consult your doctor and bring about a few lifestyle changes:
- Avoid using harsh soaps or washes on your genitals
- Daily change and wear cotton underwear
- Apply cold compression
- Eat natural yoghurt
- Always wipe front to back to prevent bowel organisms from spreading into your vagina
- And, no douching, please
14.Cramps & Backache
You thought cramping is common only during periods? No! It also happens during pregnancy and is more evident after the first trimester. It is accompanied with pinching pain in the legs particularly in your calves along with backache, both of which are more intense during the nighttime. Since your body is preparing to bear that additional weight (of the child), you are bound to face such pains and stretches.
Therefore, it is always advisable to keep yourself active and maintain a routine for antenatal exercise.
To prevent backache:
- Avoid lifting heavy objects
- Keep your back straight
- Do not wear heels
- Get enough rest
- Go for regular body massages
- Keep stretching
- Don’t sit or stand for too long
- Maintain your posture
To prevent cramps:
- Soak in a warm water bath (you can also add relaxing essential oils)
- Have plenty of water (or fluids)
- No smoking or alcohol
- Massaging prevents cramping
- Place a pillow underneath your legs and knees
- Use a hot water bottle on the affected areas
- Straighten your legs, arms or wherever you feel cramping
Make sure you talk with your doctor to better analyze and deal with the situations in case the problem gets severe. This will further prevent harming the baby and you.
Majority of women experience pregnancy-related rhinitis without catching any infections or allergies. Swelling and runny nose are accompanied with it. The problem may start in the initial months and last the entire phase. But, do not blow your nose too hard or use any nasal decongestants without consulting your doctor. Steam inhalation is beneficial and chemical-free saline drops also work fine.
Other Problems Common Health Problems During Pregnancy…
There are few other problems that you may face during pregnancy such as excessive itching, mild to severe headaches, nose bleeding, leakage from the nipples, feeling exhausted, hunger pangs, mood swings, having strange dreams, bleeding gums, swollen feet, tender breasts and also feeling extremely hot.
Changes in your hormones along with the functioning of your immune system can unquestionably make you more vulnerable to some really serious complications. These may include any of the above-mentioned problems. If you experience any distress, discuss with your doctor and do not delay.